Criminal liability of the artificial intelligence entities

  • Ankitkumar Padhy
  • Amitkumar Padhy
Keywords: criminal liability, artificial intelligent, criminal law


The evolution of information technologies have brought us to a point where we are confronted with the existence of agents – artificial intelligence entities - which are able to act autonomously with little or no human intervention. Contemporary technological inventions are beginning to support or replace human activities with the emergence of artificial intelligence entities ranging from autonomous cars to machines translation software, robots and medical diagnosis software. These inventions tend to venture into some human mental activities such as interpretation, evaluation, and decision-making, which have never been delegated to nonhuman mind before. However, the behaviour of the artificial intelligence entities can damage individual or collective interests that are protected by criminal law. The rise of artificial intelligence raises questions about liability for crimes an Artificial Intelligence commits, mainly because the AI acts autonomously and with limited control from humans. This paper would attempt to evaluate the criminal liability of Artificial Intelligence entities. The purpose of this thesis is to enquire this liability problem concerning Artificial Intelligence, with focus on the elements of criminal liability. The analysis aims to define Artificial Intelligence for legal purposes and to analyse whom to hold liable when crime is committed by Artificial Intelligence Entities.

How to Cite
Padhy, A., & Padhy, A. (2019). Criminal liability of the artificial intelligence entities. Nirma University Law Journal, 8(2), 6. Retrieved from